Do an assessment of each area to help “fall-proof” the home, removing tripping hazards—a common cause of falls—and making other minor corrections to improve safety
Repair holes, cracks, loose bricks or uneven joints in walkways.
Arrange to keep walkways clear of leaves, snow or ice.
Increase lighting along pathways and entrances.
Make sure doorways and thresholds are easily navigated.
Install secure handrails on both sides of all steps.
Arrange furniture so you have clear walking paths.
Minimize clutter on the floor, like magazines, papers and shoes.
Make sure rugs are smooth and well-secured; remove loose throw rugs.
Coil or tape electrical cords and other wires against wall.
Make sure couches and chairs are at appropriate heights to get in and out easily.
Place telephones on tables at a height that can be reached from the floor.
Fix broken or chipped floors, steps and walkways.
Install lever handles on doors for easier manipulation.
Install offset hinges on doors to add 2 inches to accommodate a walker or wheelchair.
Closely monitor temperature with easy-to-read thermostats. Being too hot or too cold can make people dizzy.
Increase lighting, especially in halls, entrances, and stairs, both top and bottom.
Keep lighting uniform in each room, adding light to dark spaces.
Install night lights in the halls and bathrooms.
Ensure lighting is readily available when getting up in the middle of the night.
Consider replacing traditional toggle switches with rocker-style switches.
Both sides of stairs should have securely fastened handrails.
Replace worn carpeting or add nonslip adhesive strips to uncarpeted stair treads.
Make sure light switches are installed at both top and bottom of all stairs.
Keep stairs clear, free from all objects.
Place non-skid surfaces in the tub or shower.
Make sure grab bars are properly installed in the tub and/or shower and next to toilets.
Add non-skid backing to rugs or bathmats on surfaces that may get wet.
Set hot water heater to 120 degrees to avoid scalding.
Install adjustable-height shower heads; consider adding shower/tub seat.
Place nightlight or automatic light switch near entrance.
Put a non-tip lamp on the bedside table, with room for eyeglasses.
Have a steady, comfortable chair to aid in dressing.
Ensure a clear path from the bed to bathroom.
Make sure closets are well-lit, with easy-to-use adjustable rods and shelves.
Place non-skid rubber mats near the sink and stove.
Make sure often-used items, such as food items and dishes, are within easy reach.
Create an area for sitting during food preparation, with ample task lighting.
If a step stool is used to get stored items, make sure it has a bar to hold on to.